Community-based enterprises are the result of a process in which the community acts entrepreneurially to create and operate a new enterprise embedded in its existing social structure and network. This book argues that community-based enterprise could represent a strategy for fostering sustainable local development while at the same time maintaining traditional knowledge in ethnomedicine and conserving the local ecosystems.
The objective of this Workshop is to confront models, methods and tools developed within the projects with the ongoing research worldwide and to provide an environment for fruitful exchange of ideas. The main topics are: 1. Advanced human models in transportation. 2. Human Errors and Risk Assessment in design processes of assistance systems. 3. Methods and tools to prevent erroneous behaviour to mitigate its consequences. The Workshop will consist of 10 keynote lectures as well as approximately 28 peer reviewed papers.
This volume provides a concise and up to date resource that directly addresses the needs of general surgeons who perform vascular surgery by focusing on the diagnosis and clinical management of common vascular conditions. The volume is divided into sections on arterial disease, venous disease, vascular trauma, and vascular access. Chapters on arterial disease outline the management and surgical techniques for the treatment of acute limb ischemia, compartment syndrome, and diabetic foot infections. Chronic arterial disease is addressed in chapters devoted to the management of claudication, critical limb ischemia, and lower extremity amputation. The section on vascular trauma emphasizes surgical intervention for blood vessel injuries that occur in the neck, abdomen, and extremity. Vascular access chapters deal with the technical aspects and potential complications of temporary venous access catheters and permanent arteriovenous access for hemodialysis. More complex vascular topics are also covered with chapters that are shorter in length and focused on the diagnosis and a broad understanding of treatment options.Essentials of Vascular Surgery for the General Surgeon is the first of its kind to accurately mirror the SCORE curriculum for vascular disease as a patient care topic in general surgery training, acting as a "one stop" information source that general surgery trainees can turn to as a clinical reference and as a study guide for general surgery in service exams and board.
This book deals with the debated relationship between the characteristics of national supervision and manipulative practices in banks' annual reports, with a specific focus on income smoothing. The issue is quite challenging as, since the 2008 financial crisis, governmental bodies and regulators have stressed the crucial role of supervision for bank transparency purposes, but the effect of supervision on accounting manipulation is still discussed. Focusing on European banks, the book investigates whether the characteristics of national supervision affect bank propensity to smooth income, also considering the potential role of bank business models. By exploring a broad range of national supervision's characteristics, the book presents a comprehensive view on the influence of country-level institutional settings on a form of earnings management widely used across the banking industry.