Springer

  • This book combines the reference material of a nephrology textbook with the everyday relevance of a clinical handbook. This second edition develops and expands upon the success of the first. All the content has been updated and entirely new chapters on acid-base disorders and stone disease have been added.Understanding Kidney Diseases includes over 60 real-life case studies and is illustrated with over 200 figures. Readers can test their knowledge with a bank of multiple-choice questions and put it into practice by answering questions that patients frequently ask. The book provides all that students, residents and fellows need in order to approach a patient with a kidney problem with confidence.

  • Rechtsmedizinische Aspekte in der Notfallmedizin Nouv.

    Dieses Taschenbuch liefert Mitarbeitern im Rettungsdienst und Notärzten anhand von zahlreichen Fallbeispielen rechtsmedizinisches Praxiswissen für die Erstversorgung  von Notfallpatienten. Themen sind u.a. Leichenschau, Verhalten am Tatort, stumpfe und scharfe Gewalt, Strangulation, Schussverletzungen, Ttungsdelikte und Suizid. Auch Besonderheiten bei pltzlichem Kindstod, Kindesmisshandlung und Sexualdelikten werden berücksichtigt. Die 2. Auflage erscheint komplett überarbeitet, aktualisiert und um das Thema Kinderschutz erweitert.

  • Im Mittelpunkt dieses Buches stehen, anders als bei vielen Standardwerken zur Compliance, nicht die Ziele, sondern die Mittel, die eine wirkungsvolle Compliance ermglichen. Aus der Innensicht des Compliance Officer werden alltägliche Probleme thematisiert und anhand konkreter, praxiserprobter Maßnahmen gelst. Ausgehend vom Spannungsfeld zwischen Gewinnerzielung und Compliance werden darüber hinaus ethische Grundsätze sowie das Auftreten der Compliance, ihr Umgang mit Ansprechpartnern und ihr Vorgehen bei Verstßen diskutiert. Psychologisch sowie soziologisch begründete Erkenntnisse erweitern hier die Perspektive, rücken den Menschen ins Zentrum und bieten neue Ansatzpunkte für die Gestaltung einer erfolgreichen Compliance. 
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  • Thomas Glatte provides a comprehensive view on the essentials of corporate real estate management (CREM). The author explains in the influence of corporate strategies on real estate strategies for non-property-companies as well as the importance of corporate real estate portfolios, the set-up of CREM organizations and the handling of respective services. He also elaborates the specifics of corporate social responsibility, sustainability, corporate architecture & design and workplace management.

  • This book acts as a portable and easy-to-understand reference for surgical trainees or young faculty members that are interested in reviewing procedures on the way to the operating room. This second edition aims to provide a practical hands-on approach to operative trauma management. Following the success of the first edition, chapters were revised, updated, and added due to substantial changes in trauma care over the past few years. Several new experts contributed their knowledge and techniques inside this new edition. For example, chapters on fasciotomy and resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) have been added.The second edition of The Shock Trauma Manual of Operative Techniques is a valuable reference for practicing surgeons in the community and serves to aid trauma practitioners as they attempt to deal with operative challenges.

  • This book presents human-centered concepts and solutions for mobility, logistics and infrastructure that will make our growing metropolitan areas more livable and sustainable.The still accelerating megatrend of urbanization is leading to constantly growing metropolitan areas. This creates a whole series of challenges for municipalities, as well as citizens, such as overcrowded traffic routes, limited building space and an increasingly difficult supply situation. With this book we want to answer the following question: How can people live in densely populated areas and meet their needs in terms of mobility, freedom, self-determination, security, prosperity, communication or in other words: how can metropolitan regions be made humane? The answer to this question requires innovative ideas and approaches in various areas:Sustainable designs of infrastructureEconomically and ecologically efficient logistics and mobility approachesIntelligent applications for navigation and communication
    All these ideas must be measured against the needs of citizens and should thus be developed following a human-centered design approach. This ensures that innovative solutions will be widely accepted by the public. In addition, they also have the potential to turn citizens into active co-designers of future metropolitan areas.
      

  • This book outlines the approach to comprehensive men's health deployed at three of the most successful American men's health centers. It demonstrates the ways in which multidisciplinary care allows patients to easily access their doctors via coordination of care, same day add-on visits, and streamlining of office logistics such as sharing of charts, reports, and results. Guiding readers in establishing an evidence-based, multidisciplinary approach to the management of male patients of all ages, this volume shows how prevention, rapid intervention, cost efficiency, and coordinated care are at the forefront of a health center's care strategy. The authors of this volume are thought leaders in the disciplines of cardiology, gastroenterology, dermatology, psychiatry, and preventative medicine.
    Design and Implementation of the Modern Men's Health Center: A Multidisciplinary Approach enables urologists, medical subspecialists, and surgical subspecialists to both manage basic patient issues and also to understand how multidisciplinary care enables the success of a men's health center.

  • Augmented Reality ermglicht das Einblenden von visuellen Informationen oder Objekten in das Sichtfeld des Nutzers. Im betrieblichen Kontext haben sich hierfür Datenbrillen, sogenannte Smart Glasses, durchgesetzt. Durch das Tragen der Datenbrille am Kopf hat der Anwender beide Hände frei, so dass ablaufrelevante Informationen ohne Unterbrechung der Arbeitsprozesse direkt abgerufen werden knnen.Dieses Buch gibt einen Überblick über die Konzeption und Entwicklung von Smart-Glasses-basierten Anwendungen für die Logistik. Diese haben das Ziel, verschiedenste Anwendungsfälle entlang der logistischen Wertschpfungskette, vom Wareneingang bis hin zum Warenausgang, zu unterstützen. Anschaulich wird gezeigt, dass der Einsatz von Smart Glasses neue Arbeitsprozesse, eine durchgehende Prozess- und Datenaufbereitung sowie die Hebung von bisher nicht ausgeschpften Dienstleistungspotenzialen ermglicht.

  • Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich damit, wie künstliche Intelligenz die Zusammenarbeit von Menschen und Maschinen verändern wird, wie diese Veränderungen gestaltet werden knnen und welche Auswirkungen auf Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft  zu erwarten sind. Die Arbeitswelt 4.0 unterliegt durch aktuelle Entwicklungen der Digitalisierung wie Big Data, Systemanalysen und Robotik einem enormen Wandel, der sich auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft niederschlägt.
    Die hier gesammelten Forschungsergebnisse und Handlungsimplikationen orientieren sich dabei an den Themenfeldern des vom BMBF initiierten Wissenschaftsjahrs Künstliche Intelligenz und erweitern diese um Überlegungen zu Konsumenten und Vertrieb. Die Publikation richtet sich an Akteure aus Wissenschaft und Praxis und soll auch Dozierende auf diese zentralen gesellschaftlichen Fragestellungen aufmerksam machen.

  • This book covers neoplastic and non-neoplastic pulmonary diseases, supplying essential information for the most common pulmonary diseases as well as many of the rarer ones. Organized around disease entities and presented in outline form, this book provides easy access to the essential facts and is illustrated with plentiful figures. The essential pathology, radiology and bronchoscopic technologies are discussed, as well as the tools needed to facilitate the most specific diagnoses and thus the most appropriate therapies. Each chapter also provides a list of suggested readings to guide further study. 
    Written for a broad audience of clinicians who encounter these diseases in their everyday practice, this book serves specialists in pulmonary medicine and internal medicine, as well as general surgical pathologists who encounter these diseases as pulmonary specimens and who use this information for definitive evaluation and diagnoses of these entities, especially in small biopsies and cytopathology specimens.
    Pulmonary Disease: Pathology, Radiology, Bronchoscopy brings together the essential clinical, radiologic and pathologic insights for the major diseases of the lung, emphasizing the diagnostic criteria needed to ensure accurate diagnoses from small specimens.

  • The Iris

    Kambiz Thomas Moazed

    • Springer
    • 24 Juillet 2020

    The iris is a circular, pigmented tissue that separates the anterior chamber of the eye from the posterior chamber. It has a crucial role on controlling the amount of the light entering the eye through its central opening "the pupil".
    The Iris has multiple important functions that support and provide image clarity on the retina. However, it is a largely neglected part of the eye, compared to the cornea lens, retina, and optic nerve, and has not been focused on in a comprehensive way until now.
    The Iris: Understanding the Essentials, combines different aspects of scientific information from a variety of fields, such as anatomy, histopathology, molecular biology, electron microscopy and other diagnostic modalities. Each chapter will include pearls and summary points, and this multi-disciplinary approach helps the clinician diagnose and treat the large variety of diseases that affect the iris, with the main emphasize on pigmentary pathological changes that can affect the color of the eye.
    Written as a reference review book for universities, practicing ophthalmologists, Ophthalmology residents, pharmaceutical companies and diagnostic equipment manufacturing companies this book summarizes the information in an easy-to-use manner to help the reader better understand the iris, iris structure, physiology and function.

  • This volume of the series Springer Briefs in Space Life Sciences explains the physics and biology of radiation in space, defines various forms of cosmic radiation and their dosimetry, and presents a range of exposure scenarios. It also discusses the effects of radiation on human health and describes the molecular mechanisms of heavy charged particles' deleterious effects in the body. Lastly, it discusses countermeasures and addresses the vital question: Are we ready for launch? Written for researchers in the space life sciences and space biomedicine, and for master's students in biology, physics, and medicine, the book will also benefit all non-experts endeavouring to understand and enter space.

  • Shared Service Organisationen (SSOs), die in vielen Unternehmen deren interne Geschäftsprozesse (z. B. Rechnungswesen/Finanzen, Personal, Beschaffung, IT) bündeln und als Dienstleistungen für operative und funktionale Einheiten anbieten, werden durch die Digitalisierung nachhaltig verändert. Dies erfordert eine Neubewertung der Shared Service-Strategie und ermglicht es, die Stärken von SSOs hinsichtlich ihrer Kosten- und Qualitätsvorteile weiter auszubauen. Gleichzeitig knnen sich SSOs durch die Bündelung von Fach-, IT- und Prozesskompetenzen sowie ihre stark ausgeprägten dynamischen Fähigkeiten zum Wegbereiter der digitalen Transformation für die Geschäftsprozesse im Konzern entwickeln. Neue digitale Geschäftsmodelle im Bereich intelligenter Automatisierungsplattformen und Business Analytics bieten den SSOs zusätzliche Optionen zur Erzielung von nachhaltigen Wertbeiträgen für ihre Kunden und den gesamten Konzern. Der vorliegende Sammelband zeigt anhand zahlreicher aktueller Beispiele von SSOs namhafter Unternehmen die wesentlichen Schritte für eine erfolgreiche digitale Transformation. Gleichzeitig werden die Erfolgspotenziale verdeutlicht, die von SSOs als Promotoren der digitalen Transformation im Konzern realisiert werden knnen.

  • Das vorliegende Essential bietet einen fundierten Einblick in die photobiologischen Wirkmechanismen, die einer Phototherapie mit UV-A, UV-B oder PUVA zu Grunde liegen. Es stellt zudem einen Leitfaden für die Durchführung einer Phototherapie dar. Die Phototherapie ist eine seit Langem genutzte und effektive Behandlungsmodalität in der Therapie verschiedenster Dermatosen. Im Wesentlichen entfaltet sie ihre Wirkung durch drei Mechanismen. Erstens führt UV-Bestrahlung zu einer Induktion von DNS-Schäden, was zum Zelltod führen kann. Zweitens beeinflusst Phototherapie sowohl angeborene wie auch spezifische Anteile des Immunsystems und entfaltet eine immunmodulatorische Wirkung. Drittens wird der Kollagenstoffwechsel verändert.

  • This brief brings together the theoretical aspects of star formation and ionized regions with the most up-to-date simulations and observations. Beginning with the basic theory of star formation, the physics of expanding HII regions is reviewed in detail and a discussion on how a massive star can give birth to tens or hundreds of other stars follows. The theoretical description of star formation is shown in simplified and state-of-the-art numerical simulations, describing in a more clear way how feedback from massive stars can trigger star and planet formation. This is also combined with spectacular images of nebulae taken by talented amateur astronomers. The latter is very likely to stimulate the reader to observe the structure of nebulae from a different point of view, and better understand the associated star formation therein.

  • This book provides an examination of the quantitative and qualitative factors affecting mortality in two major cities of the British Isles: London and Dublin. It covers a scale from individuals mentioned by name to aggregates of mortality data in the Bills of Mortality. Focusing on the Seventeenth Century, the book pays attention to the Great Plague of 1665, and to earlier years in which epidemics decimated populations.
    To the average person living in the seventeenth century, life was a series of challenges. Mortality among the young was high, and for those who survived early childhood, death in their fifties was fairly typical. Men and women might aspire to a longer life span, but even the healthiest practices were no guarantee when the overall quality of life was low. With fatal illnesses exemplified by typhoid fever on the one hand, and the arrival of yersinia pestis - plague through ports on the Mediterranean at regular intervals of several years, on the other, mortality became a foreseeable event.

  • This book provides a largely self-contained and broadly accessible exposition on two cosmological applications of algebraic quantum field theory (QFT) in curved spacetime: a fundamental analysis of the cosmological evolution according to the Standard Model of Cosmology; and a fundamental study of the perturbations in inflation. The two central sections of the book dealing with these applications are preceded by sections providing a pedagogical introduction to the subject. Introductory material on the construction of linear QFTs on general curved spacetimes with and without gauge symmetry in the algebraic approach, physically meaningful quantum states on general curved spacetimes, and the backreaction of quantum fields in curved spacetimes via the semiclassical Einstein equation is also given. The reader should have a basic understanding of General Relativity and QFT on Minkowski spacetime, but no background in QFT on curved spacetimes or the algebraic approach to QFT is required.>

  • Polysaccharide esters (e.g. cellulose and starch) are among the first polymeric materials applied commercially. The way of producing these technically relevant derivatives, mainly the carboxylic acid esters of C2 to C4 acids, have not been changed significantly during their history of manufacture. The investigation of new acylation methods and strategies of analysis was revived during the last decade by the search for tailored, biocompatible material for specific fields of application, e.g., biotechnology, sensor technique and medicine. Unconventional solvents were developed for completely homogeneous acylation reaction applying state of the art techniques of modern organic chemistry for polysaccharide modification. This book will provide a first comprehensive summary of acylation methods in a very practical manner.
    Detailed structure analysis is indispensable for the evaluation of structure-property-relationships. Spectroscopic methods in particular FTIR- and NMR spectroscopy including two dimensional methods are of increasing importance.

  • This book examines the effectiveness of communication between chief information officer (CIO) and chief executive officer (CEO) and its impact on the role of information technology (IT) in an organization. The book is empirically based on interviews with CIO/CEO pairs from twelve organizations in the manufacturing and retail industries. It examines how CIOs and CEOs can achieve effectiveness in their communication, including insights into antecedents and consequences of communication effectiveness. Based on the interview data the authors develop a CIO/CEO communication model with which CIOs and CEOs can gain new insights into the efficiency of their interactions, likely resulting in higher levels of shared understanding regarding the role of IT in their organization.

  • This exposition provides the state-of-the art on the differential geometry of hypersurfaces in real, complex, and quaternionic space forms. Special emphasis is placed on isoparametric and Dupin hypersurfaces in real space forms as well as Hopf hypersurfaces in complex space forms. The book is accessible to a reader who has completed a one-year graduate course in differential geometry. The text, including open problems and an extensive list of references, is an excellent resource for researchers in this area.Geometry of Hypersurfaces begins with the basic theory of submanifolds in real space forms. Topics include shape operators, principal curvatures and foliations, tubes and parallel hypersurfaces, curvature spheres and focal submanifolds. The focus then turns to the theory of isoparametric hypersurfaces in spheres. Important examples and classification results are given, including the construction of isoparametric hypersurfaces based on representations of Clifford algebras. An in-depth treatment of Dupin hypersurfaces follows with results that are proved in the context of Lie sphere geometry as well as those that are obtained using standard methods of submanifold theory. Next comes a thorough treatment of the theory of real hypersurfaces in complex space forms.  A central focus is a complete proof of the classification of Hopf hypersurfaces with constant principal curvatures due to Kimura and Berndt. The book concludes with the basic theory of real hypersurfaces in quaternionic space forms, including statements of the major classification results and directions for further research.

  • There are few clinical problems in the sleep medicine field that are more challenging than the sleep difficulties experienced by individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This book offers a unique, complete resource addressing all the basic concepts and clinical applications in sleep medicine in settings where combat-related PTSD is commonplace. Authored by leading international experts in the field of sleep/military medicine, Sleep and Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is organized in six sections and provides a broad perspective of the field, from the established theories to the most recent developments in research, including the latest neuroscientific perspectives surrounding sleep and PTSD.  The result is a full assessment of sleep in relation to combat-related PTSD and a gold standard volume that is the first of its kind. This comprehensive title will be of great interest to a wide range of clinicians -- from academics and clinicians working within or in partnership with the military health care system to veteran hospital physicians and all health personnel who work with war veterans. 

  • This book assembles new methods showing the automotive engineer for the first time how hybrid vehicle configurations can be modeled as systems with discrete and continuous controls. These hybrid systems describe naturally and compactly the networks of embedded systems which use elements such as integrators, hysteresis, state-machines and logical rules to describe the evolution of continuous and discrete dynamics and arise inevitably when modeling hybrid electric vehicles. They can throw light on systems which may otherwise be too complex or recondite.
    Hybrid Systems, Optimal Control and Hybrid Vehicles shows the reader how to formulate and solve control problems which satisfy multiple objectives which may be arbitrary and complex with contradictory influences on fuel consumption, emissions and drivability. The text introduces industrial engineers, postgraduates and researchers to the theory of hybrid optimal control problems.  A series of novel algorithmic developments provides tools for solving engineering problems of growing complexity in the field of hybrid vehicles.
    Important topics of real relevance rarely found in text books and research publications-switching costs, sensitivity of discrete decisions and there impact on fuel savings, etc.-are discussed and supported with practical applications. These demonstrate the contribution of optimal hybrid control in predictive energy management, advanced powertrain calibration, and the optimization of vehicle configuration with respect to fuel economy, lowest emissions and smoothest drivability. Numerical issues such as computing resources, simplifications and stability are treated to enable readers to assess such complex systems. To help industrial engineers and managers with project decision-making, solutions for many important problems in hybrid vehicle control  are provided in terms of requirements, benefits and risks.

  • This book re-constructs the evolution of the border conflict between Croatia and Slovenia. The aim is to reveal the processes at work, the historical and contemporary circumstances, and the strategies and motives of the actors involved. The book highlights the roles of the European Union and of judicial third parties in the management of the conflict. Further, it considers the precedent-setting value of the Slovenian-Croatian conflict, the attempts at its resolution, and what they mean for the ongoing and prospective EU enlargement in South East Europe. Internal documents and interviews are at the heart of this process-tracing analysis, which discusses the third-party roles of the European Commission and the EU Council Presidency in 2008/2009 as a mediator-facilitator in the drafting stages of the arbitration agreement, and the judicial work of the arbitration tribunal and the EU Court of Justice. Lastly, the book offers policy recommendations on how to strengthen dispute resolution and solve current bilateral issues in the EU accession process. 

  • Proximal Hamstring Tears

    Thomas Youm

    Currently, there are no texts focused on proximal hamstring pathology and surgical treatment options. While midsubstance muscle tears of the hamstring are typically treated non-operatively, proximal hamstring tears often require surgery, which can create anxiety for the orthopedic surgeon, as the exposure is deep and the sciatic nerve is at risk for injury. Moreover, the algorithm for repairing proximal hamstring tears is complex, as the spectrum of pathology starts from partial tears to acute tears to chronic tears with varying degrees of retraction. With the advent of arthroscopic procedures around the hip, innovative treatment methods such as endoscopic surgery have been utilized to repair the proximal hamstring. For successful treatment of chronic hamstring tendon tears, allograft reconstruction has been shown to be successful. 
    The book opens with a thorough review of the relevant functional anatomy of the hamstring and related structures, before moving on to discuss epidemiology, classification and biomechanics of injury. The main focus, however, is on treatment strategies, from non-operative methods, including cutting-edge biologics, to open, endoscopic and arthroscopic approaches for partial, acute and chronic tears. The management of complications and rehabilitation protocols round out the presentation. Detailed illustrative case examples provide real-world demonstration of each chapter's concepts.
    Practical and user-friendly, Proximal Hamstring Tears will be very useful for the sports medicine, orthopedic surgery, rehabilitation medicine, and physical therapy communities.

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