Traditionally, the DDSS conferences aim to be a platform for both starting and experienced researchers who focus on the development and application of computer support in urban planning and architectural design. This volume contains 31 peer reviewed papers from this year's conference. This book will bring researchers together and is a valuable resource for their continuous joint effort to improve the design and planning of our environment.
Preface. International Scientific Committee. Introduction.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Applications of Neural Networks for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in Turkey; E. Yesilnacar, G.J. Hunter. An Evaluation of Neural Spatial Interaction Models Based on a Practical Application; A. Akamine, A.N. Rodrigues da Silva. Improved Understanding of Urban Sprawl Using Neural Networks; L. Diappi, P. Bolchi, M. Buscema.
Visualisation for Design and Decision Support. Using On-Line Geographical Visualisation Tools to Improve Land Use Decision-Making with a Bottom-Up Community Participatory Approach; C. Pettit, A. Nelson, W. Cartwright. A Spatial Decision Support System for the Management of Public Housing; J. Barton, B. Parolin, V. Weiley. Visualisation of Usable Building Space According to Planning Permission Ordinances for Public Participation in District Plan in Japan; Z.J. Shen, M. Kawakami. A Comparison of 3D Visualisation Technologies and their User Interfaces with Data Specific to Architecture; R. Göttig, J. Newton, S. Kaufmann. Color Your Feeling; Ji-Hyun Lee, Wei Qian.
Simulation and Agent Technology. Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Knowledge Representation under Conditions of Uncertainty in Multi-Agent Land Use Simulation Models; L. Ma, T.A. Arentze, A.W.J. Borgers, H.J.P. Timmermans. Towards a Generic Multi-Agent Engine for the Simulation of Spatial Behavioural Processes; O.T.J. Devisch, H.J.P. Timmermans, T.A. Arentze, A.W.J. Borgers. Crowd Modeling and Simulation; S. Bandini, S. Manzoni, G. Vizzari. Using a Spatial Microsimulation Decision Support System for Policy Scenario analysis; D. Ballas, R. Kingston, J. Stillwell. Cellular Automata Modeling for Fire Spreading as a Tool to Aid Community-Based Planningfor Disaster Mitigation; A. Ohgai, Y. Gohnai, S. Ikaruga, M. Murakami, K. Watanabe.
Design Research and Design Support Systems. Augmented Reality Meeting Table: a Novel Multi-User Interface for Architectural Design; A. Penn, C. Mottram, A. Fatah gen. Schieck, M. Wittkämper, M. Störring, O. Romell, A. Strothmann, F. Aish. A Method to Index Images in the Wooden Architecture Domain; S. Kacher, J.-C. Bignon, G. halin. Hybrid Approach to Solve Space Planning Problems in Building Services; G. Bi, B. Medjdoub. Reduction Mechanisms Explored in Architectural Re-design; J. Lindekens. On the Notion of Level in Architecture; M.F.Th. Bax, H.M.G.J. Trum. Supporting Design Learning with Design Puzzles; Teng-Wen Chang.
Geographical Information Systems. A New Computer Supported Design Tool: Rasterplan; A. Tisma. Enhancing 3DSkyView Extension Performance; D.S. Rodrigues, L.C.L. Souza, J.F.G. Mendes. Relationship between Convenience Store Robberies and Road Environment; M. Murakami, K. Higuchi, A. Shibayama.
The first book was on "Theory and Practice" of antibiotic stewardship in its broadest sense -the how to do it and the do's and don'ts. The second, on "Controlling resistance" was very much on the relationships between use and resistance and beginning to home in on the hospital as the main generator of resistance, but mainly looking at it from a disease/clinical perspective. The last 3 chapters on MRSA, ended where the 3rd book will take off. "Controlling HAI " will concentrate on specific MDR organisms highlighting their roles in the current pandemic of HAI and emphasizing that the big issue is not so much infection control but antibiotic control, in the same way that antibiotic over-reliance/ over-use has caused the problem in the first place. Up 'till now the emphasis for controlling MRSA, C diff and all the other MDROs has very much been on IC, which clearly isn't working. This book will gather all the evidence for the increasingly popular view that much more must be done in the area of antibiotic policies/ stewardship, especially when we are in danger of a "post antibiotic" era, due to a real shortage of new agents in the pipeline.
This book presents a collection of essays that explore the life and works of Tatjana Afanassjewa (1876-1964), a Russian-Dutch physicist-mathematician. Readers will discover a scientist whose work on the foundations of thermodynamics significantly influenced the field itself as well as the philosophy of physics. This book highlights the philosophical consequences of her work in physics and mathematics and discusses historical aspects of her writings on the foundations of physics. In addition, it features English translations and critical reviews of key selections from her texts.First and foremost, the book highlights the numerous contributions that Afanassjewa made to the field. In particular, the authors examine her work on the foundations of thermodynamics and statistical physics, starting in the 1920s and extending to 1956, well after the untimely death of her husband in 1933. They also explore her almost entirely forgotten work on the didactics of mathematics. In addition, they discuss her influential collaboration with her husband, the Austrian physicist Paul Ehrenfest (1880-1933).The portrait that emerges is that of a highly original physicist and mathematician, whose legacy continues to influence scientists and philosophers today and whose lesser-known works deserve more attention than they have received. Readers will find a rich body of work that continues to this day to yield insights into the foundations of physics and mathematics.
The two volumes on "Wetlands as a Natural Resource" in the book series Ecological th Studies (Volumes 190,191) are based on the highlights of the 7 INTECOL International Wetland Conference in Utrecht,25-30 July 2004. This conference brought together about 900 participants from 61 countries,who discussed a very broad range of science-,poli- and management-oriented issues related to wetland ecology and hydrology, wetland conservation and creation, the impact of global change and wetlands as a resource in terms of food,flood protection and water quality enhancement. The participants were from different sectors of society,i. e. ,science and technology (scientists 45%; PhD s- dents 20%),natural resource management (20%) and policy (15%). There were 38 s- posia with invited speakers centered around the nine conference themes. We have given the organizers of these symposia the opportunity to produce one chapter for these books with the integrated content of their symposium. This has resulted in 25 chapters, of which 13 are included in Volume 190 under the heading "Wetlands and Natural Resource Management"and 12 in Volume 191 under the heading "Wetlands: Functi- ing,Biodiversity Conservation and Restoration". With these books,we had the aim to summarize the most important recent scientific results in wetland science,their applications in wetland and water resource management and their implications for the development of global,national and regional policies in the perspective of the ever-progressing deterioration of natural wetlands and the major impacts that future climate change will have.
This volume explores major wetland ecosystem services, such as climate cooling and water quality improvement, and discusses the recent wetland conservation and restoration activities in China and neighboring countries. The role of wetlands in either cooling or warming the climate is analyzed as the net balance between carbon sequestration and emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. Wetlands start off having a net warming effect on the climate but in time switch to net cooling. Further, they remove 40% of the N and P from run-off and groundwater flow in agricultural areas, but wetlands need to amount to 10% of the total catchment area to make a difference.Reflecting on the recent large investment in wetland ecological studies in China and neighboring countries, the book addresses invasive species in coastal wetlands as well as the protection and wise use of tidal flats around the Yellow Sea. It also presents promising regional case studies on wetland restoration. The book is intended for academics, students and practitioners in the field of wetland ecology, management and restoration, as well as consultants and professionals working in conservation, wise use and environmental policy.
In 1971, I started a fellowship in infectious diseases and medical microbiology at the Channing Laboratory of the Harvard Medical Service at Boston City Hospital. My mentor, Dr. Maxwell Finland, had encouraged me to return there from the Center for Disease Control (as CDC was known then), where I had studied inf- tious diseases epidemiology and hospital-associated infection epidemiology, with the idea that we would review the demographic patterns of bacteremia and several other infections during Dr. Finland's long tenure at the hospital. We did so, but I was surprised to find that he also invited me to help with the assessment of the success or failure of the programs to control antimicrobial use that he and c- leagues had put into place at the hospital over several years. The paper describing that review finally was published in 1974, after a long and tortuous process of review at several journals. Several reviewers felt that such attempts to improve use amounted to interference with the patient's physician to do what was best. Others felt that such programs focused incorrectly on a subject other than treating the current patient. Fortunately, today, it is clear that antimicrobial resistance results in major part, but not entirely, from the ways that we use antimicrobial agents, and that the ov- all interests of patients in general, as well as those of society, are well served by efforts to use these drugs as well as possible.