Consubstantielle à la notion de contrat, l'idée de civisme s'est progressivement révélée, en droit de l'OHADA et en droit européen. Le civisme contractuel s'impose aux contractants et interprètes, et contribue tant à l'accroissement de leurs pouvoirs qu'à la sécurisation du lien contractuel. L'auteur soulève dans ce livre de nombreuses questions sur le civisme contractuel et parvient à le conceptualiser et à l'ériger au rang d'une véritable notion.
Les 22000 morts antillais, martiniquais et guadeloupéens du "Canal Français" ajoutés aux milliers d'autres du "Canal Américain", sont entrés au panthéon de Panama. Mais pour leur pays, ils piétinent aux portes du souvenir. L'histoire de France, en effet, n'a retenu de cet exploit technologique que le nom de Ferdinand de Lesseps, le scandale financier qui a secoué la société française et la réalisation finale américaine. Mais elle en a ignoré les artisans qui, par dizaines de milliers, dès 1851, partirent en vagues successives de Guadeloupe et de Martinique vers la voie transocéanique à percer.
Ce recueil de textes rend accessible les textes majeurs relatifs à l'évolution statutaire des territoires d'Outre-mer de 1946 à nos jours. Leur évolution statutaire a résulté de la volonté des présidents de la République et des chefs de gouvernement, des crises économiques et sociales récurrentes qu'ont connues ces cinq territoires et de la volonté des électorats locaux lorsqu'ils ont été consultés. Elle a également été influencée par la pensée et l'action de leaders politiques comme Aimé Césaire.
Voilà une histoire de femmes avec ses jalousies, ses commérages, mais aussi la douceur, la douleur, la réserve.Une histoire d'initiation, une histoire ancienne, une histoire moderne, une histoire tirée du melting-pot culturel. La mise en scène explore le vivier culturel ivoirien. Le trône est akan, le jugement des épouses est krou, les chants mandingues, mossis et bétés. Les pas de danse, sur rythme de djembé vont de l'envolée classique aux chorégraphies africaines, en passant par la cadence du rock-américain.
Histoire à vingt voix de l'Institution Educative à la Martinique des origines à nos jours, cet ensemble se propose d'installer dans la mémoire collective, aux côtés de la lutte de l'esclave pour sa libération, sa lutte tout aussi passionnée pour l'accession au savoir, cette "terre des gens sans terre", qui devait faire de lui l'égal du maître et l'artisan de son destin ; de fixer pour demain par un témoignage collectif daté, le sentiment martiniquais sur son école, à un moment de son histoire mouvementée.
Cet ouvrage montre comment, sous l'Ancien régime, le pouvoir colonial s'est servi de l'Eglise catholique pour cautionner la conquête de nouveaux territoires, le sort fait aux Caraïbes, la traite négrière et l'esclavage des « Noirs ». Il présente la façon dont les membres du clergé se sont situés et comment le processus de catholicisation a été mis en oeuvre en Guadeloupe et en Martinique. Il aborde ensuite le positionnement de l'Eglise aux Antilles françaises, entre 1789 et 1945. Il évoque la création des évêchés, les positions papales ou le sort réservé aux prêtres dissidents. Enfin, est abordée l'évangélisation de la fin du XXe siècle.
Traditionally, the DDSS conferences aim to be a platform for both starting and experienced researchers who focus on the development and application of computer support in urban planning and architectural design. This volume contains 31 peer reviewed papers from this year's conference. This book will bring researchers together and is a valuable resource for their continuous joint effort to improve the design and planning of our environment.
The Rough Guide to Cyprus is the definitive guide to this alluring, sun-drenched island. Illustrated throughout with striking full-colour photographs, the guide offers detailed background on everything from the holiday playgrounds of Agia Napa and Pafos to off-the-beaten-track mountain hikes and vineyard tours.
Crystal clear maps help you explore both north and south sides of the island, with full information on border crossings and day-trip suggestions. Detailed listings review everything from boutique hotels to youth hostels while our unrivalled contextual background gives you the inside track on Cypriot history plus full accounts of all the sights from stunning Byzantine churches to Roman temples, Ottoman mosques to Venetian forts.
Make the most of your time with The Rough Guide to Cyprus.
Now available in PDF format.
The Rough Guide to Yorkshire was the first comprehensive guidebook to England's largest county. Detailed coverage of the ruggedly beautiful Dales and Moors, the magnificent North Sea coast and historic York rubs shoulders with penetrating insights into the multi-cultural cities of Leeds and Sheffield, the resurgent port of Hull, and the many industrial conurbations, market towns and rural villages in between.Take your pick of great stately homes to visit, of cathedrals and churches and monastic ruins, of steam railways and seaside resorts, of world-class historical and industrial museums, of hotels and places where you can consume good Yorkshire food and ale. Full-colour sections cover Yorkshire's varied landscape and world-famous writers and artists. Whether you're on holiday, on business, visiting family and friends or just passing through - even if you've lived in Yorkshire all your life - The Rough Guide to Yorkshire will ensure that you don't miss a thing. Make the most of your time on Earth(TM) with The Rough Guide to Yorkshire.
Latin America is attracting increasing interest due to the strong economic performance of the last decade and to the political changes that are taking place. This book gives a unique, comprehensive, and up to date view of Latin America economic development over the two centuries since Independence. It considers Latin American economies within the wider context of the international economy, and covers economic growth, international trade, capital flows, and trends ininequality and human development. With chapters that cover different eras, it traces the major developments of Latin American countries and offers a novel and coherent interpretation of the economic history of the region. It combines a wealth of original research, new perspectives, and empirical information to provide a synthesis of the growing literature that both complements and extends previous studies.
José L. Zalabardo presents a new account of central ideas in Wittgensteins Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus on the structure of reality and our representations of it in thought and language. He explores Wittgensteins picture theory of propositional representation, the unity of facts and propositions, and the nature of everyday propositions.
Parliaments and Government Formation explores the role of national legislatures in shaping government formation in parliamentary regimes. Under parliamentarism, the government comes from, and remains responsible to, the national parliament. Yet, although legislatures and the politics of government formation are two of the most studied phenomenon in comparative politics, relatively little attention has focused on the degree to which parliamentary rules andprocedures impact government formation. For instance, exactly what does come from parliament mean in the context of government formation? To answer this question, the volume seeks to unpack the parliamentary investiture vote. Investiture consists of a vote in parliament to demonstrate that an already formed or about to be formed government has legislative support. The volume analyses investiture along six dimensions: (1) the number of chambers involved in government formation, (2) the exact topic of any investiture vote - for example whether the votes focuses on one or more of the prime ministership, the cabinet and/or thegovernments policy program, (3) the sequencing and timing of the vote in the overall game of government formation, (4) the decision rule - for example absolute majority, simple or some form of negative parliamentarism, (5) the number of rounds provided for, and (6) what happens in the event of a failureto invest a government. Each of the 16 case studies, written by leading scholars of legislative politics in their respective polities, seeks to describe the institutional rules and practices and analyse their origins and consequences. These case studies are supplemented with two comparative chapters.
Volume III of The Oxford History of Historical Writing contains essays by leading scholars on the writing of history globally during the early modern era, from 1400 to 1800. The volume proceeds in geographic order from east to west, beginning in Asia and ending in the Americas. It aims at once to provide a selective but authoritative survey of the field and, where opportunity allows, to provoke cross-cultural comparisons. This is the third of five volumes ina series that explores representations of the past from the beginning of writing to the present day, and from all over the world.
Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments.
Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so
doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context.
Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action.
Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.
Auditory temporal processing determines our understanding of speech, our appreciation of music, our ability to localize a sound source, and even to listen to a person in a noisy crowd. Sound is dynamic and as such has temporal and spectral content. In disorders such as auditory neuropathy and MS, problems can occur with these temporal representations of sound, leading to a mismatch between auditory sensitivity and speech discrimination. In dyslexia, specific language impairment, and auditory processing disorders, similar problems occur early in life and set up additional cognitive speech processing problems. It has also been found that in disorders such as autism,schizophrenia and epilepsy, temporal processing deficits can occur.This book reviews comprehensively the mechanisms for temporal processing in the auditory system, looking at how these underlie specific clinical disorders, with implications for their treatment. Written by a prolific researcher in auditory neuroscience, this book is valuable for auditory neuroscientists, audiologist, neurologists, and speech language pathologists.
Preface. International Scientific Committee. Introduction.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Applications of Neural Networks for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in Turkey; E. Yesilnacar, G.J. Hunter. An Evaluation of Neural Spatial Interaction Models Based on a Practical Application; A. Akamine, A.N. Rodrigues da Silva. Improved Understanding of Urban Sprawl Using Neural Networks; L. Diappi, P. Bolchi, M. Buscema.
Visualisation for Design and Decision Support. Using On-Line Geographical Visualisation Tools to Improve Land Use Decision-Making with a Bottom-Up Community Participatory Approach; C. Pettit, A. Nelson, W. Cartwright. A Spatial Decision Support System for the Management of Public Housing; J. Barton, B. Parolin, V. Weiley. Visualisation of Usable Building Space According to Planning Permission Ordinances for Public Participation in District Plan in Japan; Z.J. Shen, M. Kawakami. A Comparison of 3D Visualisation Technologies and their User Interfaces with Data Specific to Architecture; R. Göttig, J. Newton, S. Kaufmann. Color Your Feeling; Ji-Hyun Lee, Wei Qian.
Simulation and Agent Technology. Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Knowledge Representation under Conditions of Uncertainty in Multi-Agent Land Use Simulation Models; L. Ma, T.A. Arentze, A.W.J. Borgers, H.J.P. Timmermans. Towards a Generic Multi-Agent Engine for the Simulation of Spatial Behavioural Processes; O.T.J. Devisch, H.J.P. Timmermans, T.A. Arentze, A.W.J. Borgers. Crowd Modeling and Simulation; S. Bandini, S. Manzoni, G. Vizzari. Using a Spatial Microsimulation Decision Support System for Policy Scenario analysis; D. Ballas, R. Kingston, J. Stillwell. Cellular Automata Modeling for Fire Spreading as a Tool to Aid Community-Based Planningfor Disaster Mitigation; A. Ohgai, Y. Gohnai, S. Ikaruga, M. Murakami, K. Watanabe.
Design Research and Design Support Systems. Augmented Reality Meeting Table: a Novel Multi-User Interface for Architectural Design; A. Penn, C. Mottram, A. Fatah gen. Schieck, M. Wittkämper, M. Störring, O. Romell, A. Strothmann, F. Aish. A Method to Index Images in the Wooden Architecture Domain; S. Kacher, J.-C. Bignon, G. halin. Hybrid Approach to Solve Space Planning Problems in Building Services; G. Bi, B. Medjdoub. Reduction Mechanisms Explored in Architectural Re-design; J. Lindekens. On the Notion of Level in Architecture; M.F.Th. Bax, H.M.G.J. Trum. Supporting Design Learning with Design Puzzles; Teng-Wen Chang.
Geographical Information Systems. A New Computer Supported Design Tool: Rasterplan; A. Tisma. Enhancing 3DSkyView Extension Performance; D.S. Rodrigues, L.C.L. Souza, J.F.G. Mendes. Relationship between Convenience Store Robberies and Road Environment; M. Murakami, K. Higuchi, A. Shibayama.
For very high voltage or very high current applications, the power industry still relies on thyristor-based Line Commutated Conversion (LCC), which limits the power controllability to two quadrant operation. However, the ratings of self-commutating switches such as the Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) and Integrated Gate-Commutated Thyristor (IGCT), are reaching levels that make the technology possible for very high power applications.
This unique book reviews the present state and future prospects of self-commutating static power converters for applications requiring either ultra high voltages (over 600 kV) or ultra high currents (in hundreds of kA). It is an important reference for electrical engineers working in the areas of power generation, transmission and distribution, utilities, manufacturing and consulting organizations. All topics in this area are held in this one complete volume. Within these pages, expect to find thorough coverage on: modelling and control of converter dynamics; multi-level Voltage Source Conversion (VSC) and Current Source Conversion (CSC); ultra high-voltage VSC and CSC DC transmission; low voltage high DC current AC-DC conversion; industrial high current applications; power conversion for high energy storage. This text has a host of helpful material that also makes it a useful source of knowledge for final year engineering students specializing in power engineering, and those involved in postgraduate research.
The development of power semiconductors with greater ratings and improved characteristics has meant that the power industry has become more willing to develop new converter configurations. These new configurations take advantage of the higher controllability and switching frequencies of the new devices. The next few years will decide which of the proposed technologies will dominate future power transmission systems. Flexible Power Transmission is a comprehensive guide to the high voltage direct current (HVDC) options available, helping the reader to make informed decisions for designing future power transmission systems. The book includes: a full description of the principles and components in existing converter technology, as well as alternative proposals for self-commutating conversion; A review of the state of power semiconductors suited to HVDC transmission and present proposals for multi-level HVDC transmission. a detailed overview of the flexible HVDC methods for improving controllability and increasing power transfer capability in electrical power systems. up-to-date information on thyrisistor-based HVDC technology. coverage of new pulse width modulation (PWM) transmission technology and multi-level voltage source conversion (VSC) and current source conversion (CSC). An excellent reference for professional power engineers, Flexible Power Transmission is also a useful guide for power system researchers as well as lecturers and students in power systems and power electronics disciplines.
The two volumes on "Wetlands as a Natural Resource" in the book series Ecological th Studies (Volumes 190,191) are based on the highlights of the 7 INTECOL International Wetland Conference in Utrecht,25-30 July 2004. This conference brought together about 900 participants from 61 countries,who discussed a very broad range of science-,poli- and management-oriented issues related to wetland ecology and hydrology, wetland conservation and creation, the impact of global change and wetlands as a resource in terms of food,flood protection and water quality enhancement. The participants were from different sectors of society,i. e. ,science and technology (scientists 45%; PhD s- dents 20%),natural resource management (20%) and policy (15%). There were 38 s- posia with invited speakers centered around the nine conference themes. We have given the organizers of these symposia the opportunity to produce one chapter for these books with the integrated content of their symposium. This has resulted in 25 chapters, of which 13 are included in Volume 190 under the heading "Wetlands and Natural Resource Management"and 12 in Volume 191 under the heading "Wetlands: Functi- ing,Biodiversity Conservation and Restoration". With these books,we had the aim to summarize the most important recent scientific results in wetland science,their applications in wetland and water resource management and their implications for the development of global,national and regional policies in the perspective of the ever-progressing deterioration of natural wetlands and the major impacts that future climate change will have.
Correlative Learning: A Basis for Brain and Adaptive Systems provides a bridge between three disciplines: computational neuroscience, neural networks, and signal processing. First, the authors lay down the preliminary neuroscience background for engineers. The book also presents an overview of the role of correlation in the human brain as well as in the adaptive signal processing world; unifies many well-established synaptic adaptations (learning) rules within the correlation-based learning framework, focusing on a particular correlative learning paradigm, ALOPEX; and presents case studies that illustrate how to use different computational tools and ALOPEX to help readers understand certain brain functions or fit specific engineering applications.
In 1971, I started a fellowship in infectious diseases and medical microbiology at the Channing Laboratory of the Harvard Medical Service at Boston City Hospital. My mentor, Dr. Maxwell Finland, had encouraged me to return there from the Center for Disease Control (as CDC was known then), where I had studied inf- tious diseases epidemiology and hospital-associated infection epidemiology, with the idea that we would review the demographic patterns of bacteremia and several other infections during Dr. Finland's long tenure at the hospital. We did so, but I was surprised to find that he also invited me to help with the assessment of the success or failure of the programs to control antimicrobial use that he and c- leagues had put into place at the hospital over several years. The paper describing that review finally was published in 1974, after a long and tortuous process of review at several journals. Several reviewers felt that such attempts to improve use amounted to interference with the patient's physician to do what was best. Others felt that such programs focused incorrectly on a subject other than treating the current patient. Fortunately, today, it is clear that antimicrobial resistance results in major part, but not entirely, from the ways that we use antimicrobial agents, and that the ov- all interests of patients in general, as well as those of society, are well served by efforts to use these drugs as well as possible.