Ocde

  • This report evaluates the education reform agenda of Kazakhstan - its feasibility and focus - by taking stock of present-day strengths and weaknesses of the secondary education system. The report also provides guidance on adjusting the reform implementation plans in line with international experiences and best practices regarding educational change, and consolidates much of the previously dispersed (national) data on primary and secondary schools in Kazakhstan into a common analytical base of evidence, validated by the education authorities.

    Chapter 1 of this report provides an overview of the country, it education system and reform plans. Subsequent chapters provide analysis of and recommendations on equity and effectiveness of schooling; assessment and evaluation practices; policies for teachers and principals; expenditure patterns and financing mechanisms; vocational education and training; and a summary of the recommendations.

  • This OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy in Croatia offesr a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Croatia, focusing on the role of government. It suggests that EU integration opens a wiindow of opportunity for strengthening Croatia's science, technology and innovation systems, and recommends that Croatia improve governance, rebalance the innovation mix and do more to foster business innovation.

  • Anglais OECD communications outlook 2013

    Ocde

    • Oecd
    • 11 Juillet 2013

    Published every two years, the OECD Communications Outlook provides an extensive range of indicators for the development of different communications networks and compares performance indicators such as  revenue, investment, employment and prices for service throughout the OECD area. These indicators are essential for industry and regulators who use benchmarking to evaluate policy performance.

    This edition is based on data from the OECD Telecommunications Database 2013, which provides time series of telecommunications and economic indicaors such as network dimension, revenues, investment and employment for OECD countries from 1980 to 2011. The data provided in this report map the second decade of competition for many OECD countries that fully opened their markets to competition in 1998.

  • Études économiques de l'OCDE : Autriche 2013 examine les développements récents, la politique et les perspectives économiques de ce pays. Ce rapport comporte un chapitre consacré au bien-être à long terme.

  • Estadísticas tributarias en América Latina es una publicación conjunta del Centro de Política y Administración Tributaria y el Centro de Desarrollo de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE), la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) y el Centro Interamericano de Administraciones Tributarias (CIAT). Su objetivo es proporcionar datos internacionalmente comparables sobre los niveles y estructuras tributarias para una selección de economías de América Latina y el Caribe. El modelo seguido es la base de datos Revenue Statistics de la OCDE, la cual es una referencia fundamental, respaldada por una metodología bien establecida, para los países miembros de la OCDE. Al extender esta metodología de la OCDE para América Latina, Estadísticas tributarias en América Latina permite una fácil comparación sobre los niveles y estructuras tributarias no sólo entre las economías de la región sino también entre éstas y las de los países más industrializados.

  • The Baltic countries have experienced sustained emigration over the past decade, contributing to population decline and a loss of working-age population. The impact of this emigration is felt strongly in the labour market, the general economy and in social developments. How can countries deal with the impact of high levels of emigration? How to attract back emigrants? How best to benefit from the financial, social and human capital developed abroad? The Baltic countries are not alone in addressing these challenges, and this volume brings together the recent experience of Poland and Romania, as well as a wide range of OECD countries, in developing new policies to cope with emigration.

  • The growth of car use in several advanced economies has slowed down, stopped, or turned negative. The change can not be attributed to adverse economic conditions alone. Socio-demographic factors, including population ageing and changing patterns of education, working, and household composition matter. Rising urbanization and less car-oriented policies in some cities also reduce the growth of car use, perhaps combined with changing attitudes towards mobility. Some groups choose to use cars less, others are forced to.

    This report summarizes insights into the drivers of change in car use. It shows that explanations are place-specific, and that projections of future car use are increasingly uncertain. The task for policy-makers is to identify mobility strategies that are robust under an increasingly wide range of plausible scenarios.

  • This report provides comparative knowledge, both policy and data, through thematic chapters and country-specific policy and statistical profiles. 48 countries are covered. The report highlights key tourism policy developments, focuses on issues that rank

  • This book presents a comprehensive review of health care quality in Norway. It finds that Norway has an impressive and comprehensive health system, which is the result of sustained commitment to providing health care for the whole Norwegian population, investment in the health system, and readiness to make changes to drive improvements. On most indicators Norway´s health system appears to be performing well, although there is some room for improvement. There have been a number of significant health care reforms in Norway over the last decade, most recently the Coordination Reform, which took effect in January 2012.

    Broadly this is a positive story, but challenges do lie ahead for Norway. Norway is putting in place measures to respond to these challenges, notably with the 2012 Coordination Reform, but still has some way to go before the fruits of such labour are truly felt across the health system. Norway´s ambitious reform agenda must now be balanced by structured efforts `on the ground´. Attention should now turn to putting in place appropriate data infrastructures, promoting meaningful engagement between key stakeholders, and by balancing a generous health budget that allows for important investments in developing new structures and services with attention to getting the most out of existing services.

  • Given the ageing challenges, there is an increasing pressure in OECD countries to further boost the employability of the working-age population over the coming decades. This report provides an overview of policy iniatives implemented over the past decade

  • Cet ouvrage est une réédition numérique d'un livre paru au XXe siècle, désormais indisponible dans son format d'origine.

  • Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

  • Objectif croissance est la publication périodique de l'OCDE consacrée aux réformes structurelles jugées prioritaires pour rehausser les revenus dans les pays de l'OCDE et dans certaines grandes économies non membres de l'Organisation (l'Afrique du Sud, le Brésil, la Chine, la Fédération de Russie, l'Inde et l'Indonésie). Les priorités d'action identifiées sont actualisées tous les deux ans et présentées dans un rapport complet, incluant des notes par pays dans lesquelles sont formulées des recommandations précises correspondant à ces priorités. Le prochain rapport complet sera publié en 2015.

    Ce rapport intermédiaire présente un bilan des mesures prises par les autorités au cours des deux dernières années dans les domaines jugés prioritaires pour la croissance. Cet exercice d'inventaire s'appuie sur un ensemble d'indicateurs comparables au niveau international, qui permet aux pays d'évaluer leurs performances économiques et leurs politiques structurelles dans un large éventail de domaines.

  • This review provides an analytical perspective of the current situation, including the construction of a database, in order to help the Greek government define reforms to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and fairness of selected social programmes. The review identifies gaps and overlaps in social protection, and highlights areas where there is room for significant efficiency gains, in order to support informed and concrete decisions by the Greek government on where budgetary savings can most appropriately be made, taking into account the balance between societal groups and the need to maintain social cohesion.

  • Études économiques de l'OCDE : Chili 2013 examine les développements récents, la politique et les perspectives économiques de ce pays. Ce rapport comporte des chapitres consacrés à l'innovation et à l'entrepreneuriat.

  • Anglais OECD economic surveys : Ireland 2013

    Ocde

    • Oecd
    • 31 Juillet 2014

    OECD's 2013 Economic Survey of Ireland examines recent economic developemnts, policies and prospects. This issue's special chapters cover youth employment and innovation.

  • Anglais Mental health and work ; United Kingdom

    Ocde

    • Oecd
    • 10 Février 2014

    Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on the United Kingdom is the sixth in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries.

  • Thèmes spéciaux : Volatilité macroéconomique, compétences et pauvreté

  • Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is indispensable for making good decisions on what transport projects to fund.  It essentially aims to figure out which projects offer the best value for money.  However, the practical relevance of CBA does not always live up to its appeal in principle.  One problem is that there is sometimes disagreement over what to include in CBA, both on the cost side and the benefits side of the analysis. As a result, value for money is not always fully transparent. More politically, value for money is only a partial criterion for decision-making, leading to disagreement about the relative importance of the results from CBA compared to other inputs to the decision-making process.
    This report examines the extent to which these shortcomings can be addressed. In terms of what to include in CBA, discussion focuses on equity and distributional impacts, productivity effects, agglomeration benefits and external costs. The focus then turns to how best to present guidance on project selection to decision makers. The report includes papers on the way CBA is used in three countries - France, Mexico and the United Kingdom - and how it is evolving in response to changing policy priorities.

  • Études économiques de l'OCDE : Canada 2014 examine les développements récents, les politiques et les perspectives économiques de ce pays. Ce rapport comporte des chapitres consacrés au logement et à l'inadéquation du marché du travail et des compétences.

  • Études économiques de l'OCDE : Israël 2013 examine les développements récents, les politiques et les perspectives économiques de ce pays. Ce rapport comporte des chapitres consacrés au soins de santé et prélèvements et transferts.

  • Stimulé par le changement technologique, la concurrence mondiale et la libéralisation des marchés, l'investissement direct international joue un rôle clé dans le processus d'intégration économique mondiale. L'OCDE compile et diffuse des statistiques fiables et mises à jour qui sont essentielles à l'élaboration de politiques éclairées. Ces statistiques sont basées sur les rapports officiels des pays de l'OCDE pour les investissements dans le monde entier. L'existence de données comparables au niveau international permet de mesurer le degré d'intégration économique et la compétitivité des marchés. Cette publication est également disponible sous forme de base de données en ligne sur l'OECD iLibrary sous le titre Statistiques de l'OCDE sur l'investissement direct international (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/idi-data-fr).

  • Ce rapport s'appuie sur les travaux de l'OCDE dans les domaines de la gouvernance de l'eau, de la politique de la réglementation et de la participation du secteur privé pour identifier les défis de gouvernance à la mobilisation des partenariats public-privé (PPP) dans la gestion des services de l'eau et de l'assainissement en Tunisie, et suggérer des recommandations de politiques publiques pour les surmonter.

    Il s'inscrit dans le cadre du dialogue sur les politiques conduit conjointement par l'OCDE et le Global Water Partnership-Mediterranean (GWP-Med) dans le cadre du projet labellisé par l'Union pour la Méditerranée (UpM) « Gouvernance et Financement du Secteur de l'Eau en Méditerranée », avec le soutien financier du fonds fiduciaire FEMIP de la Banque Européenne d'Investissement.

  • This report reviews the main linkages between climate change, water and agriculture as a means to identifying and discussing adaptation strategies for better use and conservation of water resources. It aims to provide guidance to decision makers on choosing an appropriate mix of policies and market approaches to address the interaction between agriculture and water systems under climate change.

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