This book describes the approaches, both successful and not, to the political and infrastructure issues addressed by the trade association. The intent is to provide guidance to those confronting similar issues, and help them avoid unsuccessful approaches.Includes end-of-chapter summariesExample of documents and approaches that LEOMA used successfully are included and could serve as a guide to other trade associations.Chapter 5 includes figures presenting the unique and effective graphical approach that LEOMA use to improve US national-security export controls
An in-depth look at the theory and applications of frequency stabilityAn understanding of the acquisition of stable frequency is essential for anyone who needs to solve noise problems in wireless communications. This book offers a thorough introduction to the principles and applications of frequency stability, arming practicing engineers with the tools they need to minimize noise in systems and devices that affect everyday communications for millions of people.With an emphasis on both practical and scientific points of view, Frequency Stability: Introduction and Applications examines frequency and time fluctuations in resonators, as well as the stability of both standard and practical microwave oscillators. It explains noise properties of building circuit blocks, introducing time domain properties and how they relate to noise spectral densities. Including a special chapter devoted to the design and properties of phase locked loopsa crucial topic for frequency synthesizersthe book also:Examines in detail L/F noise, showing how power losses in the propagation material extend over a long period of timeCovers sapphire, optoelectronics, MW, and ring oscillators with the discussion of noise in delay-line oscillators with lasersOffers an extended treatment of phase noise in semiconductors and amplifiers based on Van der Ziel investigationsEmphasizes the modified Allan variance in the time domain, including exact computationsOutlines the relationship between resonator frequency and output phase noises via the feedback theoryFeaturing numerous tables with actual data, Frequency Stability: Introduction and Applications is an invaluable guide for engineers wishing to rein in acoustic and electromagnetic interference in modern communications.
This book serves as a tool for any engineer who wants to learn about circuits, electrical machines and drives, power electronics, and power systems basicsFrom time to time, engineers find they need to brush up on certain fundamentals within electrical engineering. This clear and concise book is the ideal learning tool for them to quickly learn the basics or develop an understanding of newer topics.Fundamentals of Electric Power Engineering: From Electromagnetics to Power Systems helps nonelectrical engineers amass power system information quickly by imparting tools and trade tricks for remembering basic concepts and grasping new developments. Created to provide more in-depth knowledge of fundamentalsrather than a broad range of applications onlythis comprehensive and up-to-date book:Covers topics such as circuits, electrical machines and drives, power electronics, and power system basics as well as new generation technologiesAllows nonelectrical engineers to build their electrical knowledge quicklyIncludes exercises with worked solutions to assist readers in grasping concepts found in the bookContains in-depth side bars throughout which pique the readers curiosityFundamentals of Electric Power Engineering is an ideal refresher course for those involved in this interdisciplinary branch.
A practical guide for solving real-world circuit board problemsElectrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers arms engineers with the tools they need to test, evaluate, and solve circuit board problems. It explores a wide range of circuit analysis topics, supplementing the material with detailed circuit examples and extensive illustrations. The pros and cons of various methods of analysis, fundamental applications of electronic hardware, and issues in logic design are also thoroughly examined.The author draws on more than twenty-five years of experience in Silicon Valley to present a plethora of troubleshooting techniques readers can use in real-life situations. Plus, he devotes an entire chapter to the design of a small CPU, including all critical elementsthe complete machine instruction set, from its execution path to logic implementation and timing analysis, along with power decoupling, resets, and clock considerations. Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers covers:Resistors, inductors, and capacitors as well as a variety of analytical methodsThe elements of magnetisman often overlooked topic in similar booksTime domain and frequency analyses of circuit behaviorNumerous electronics, from operational amplifiers to MOSFET transistorsBoth basic and advanced logic design principles and techniquesThis remarkable, highly practical book is a must-have resource for solid state circuit engineers, semiconductor designers and engineers, electric circuit testing engineers, and anyone dealing with everyday circuit analysis problems. A solutions manual is available to instructors. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org request the solutions manual. An errata sheet is available.
The last ten years have seen a relentless drive to reduce the cost of motors and generators. Responding to this need, this revised and updated edition covers all aspects in the design, deterioration, testing, and repair of the electrical insulation used in all motors and generators greater than fractional horsepower size. The coverage offers machine users and designers a historical overview of machine insulation design before discussing insulation for new machines. It then lays out 30 different rotor and stator winding failure processes and their solutions and 25 tests for assessing winding insulation.
A timely introduction to current research on PID and predictive control by one of the leading authors on the subjectPID and Predictive Control of Electric Drives and Power Supplies using MATLAB/Simulink examines the classical control system strategies, such as PID control, feed-forward control and cascade control, which are widely used in current practice. The authors share their experiences in actual design and implementation of the control systems on laboratory test-beds, taking the reader from the fundamentals through to more sophisticated design and analysis. The book contains sections on closed-loop performance analysis in both frequency domain and time domain, presented to help the designer in selection of controller parameters and validation of the control system. Continuous-time model predictive control systems are designed for the drives and power supplies, and operational constraints are imposed in the design. Discrete-time model predictive control systems are designed based on the discretization of the physical models, which will appeal to readers who are more familiar with sampled-data control system. Soft sensors and observers will be discussed for low cost implementation. Resonant control of the electric drives and power supply will be discussed to deal with the problems of bias in sensors and unbalanced three phase AC currents.Brings together both classical control systems and predictive control systems in a logical style from introductory through to advanced levelsDemonstrates how simulation and experimental results are used to support theoretical analysis and the proposed design algorithmsMATLAB and Simulink tutorials are given in each chapter to show the readers how to take the theory to applications. Includes MATLAB and Simulink software using xPC Target for teaching purposesA companion website is availableResearchers and industrial engineers; and graduate students on electrical engineering courses will find this a valuable resource.
Power system operation from an operators perspectivePower systems are operated with the primary objectives of safety, reliability, and efficiency. Practical Power System Operation is the first book to provide a comprehensive picture of power system operation for both professional engineers and students alike. The book systematically describes the operators functions, the processes required to operate the system, and the enabling technology solutions deployed to facilitate the processes. In his book, Dr. Ebrahim Vaahedi, an expert practitioner in the field, presents a holistic review of:The current state and workings of power system operationProblems encountered by operators and solutions to remedy the problemsIndividual operator functions, processes, and the enabling technology solutionsDeployment of real-time assessment, control, and optimization solutions in power system operationEnergy Management Systems and their architectureDistribution Management Systems and their architecturePower system operation in the changing energy industry landscape and the evolving technology solutionsBecause power system operation is such a critical function around the world, the consequences of improper operation range from financial repercussions to societal welfare impacts that put peoples safety at risk. Practical Power System Operation includes a step-by-step illustrated guide to the operator functions, processes, and decision support tools that enable the processes. As a bonus, it includes a detailed review of the emerging technology and operation solutions that have evolved over the last few years. Written to the standards of higher education and university curriculums, Practical Power System Operation has been classroom tested for excellence and is a must-read for anyone looking to learn the critical skills they need for a successful career in power system operations.
Introducing a new edition of the popular reference on machine analysisNow in a fully revised and expanded edition, this widely used reference on machine analysis boasts many changes designed to address the varied needs of engineers in the electric machinery, electric drives, and electric power industries. The authors draw on their own extensive research efforts, bringing all topics up to date and outlining a variety of new approaches they have developed over the past decade.Focusing on reference frame theory that has been at the core of this work since the first edition, this volume goes a step further, introducing new material relevant to machine design along with numerous techniques for making the derivation of equations more direct and easy to use.Coverage includes:Completely new chapters on winding functions and machine design that add a significant dimension not found in any other textA new formulation of machine equations for improving analysis and modeling of machines coupled to power electronic circuitsSimplified techniques throughout, from the derivation of torque equations and synchronous machine analysis to the analysis of unbalanced operationA unique generalized approach to machine parameters identificationA first-rate resource for engineers wishing to master cutting-edge techniques for machine analysis, Analysis of Electric Machinery and Drive Systems is also a highly useful guide for students in the field.
An advanced level examination of the latest developments in power transformer protection This book addresses the technical challenges of transformer malfunction analysis as well as protection. One of the current research directions is the malfunction mechanism analysis due to nonlinearity of transformer core and comprehensive countermeasures on improving the performance of transformer differential protection. Here, the authors summarize their research outcomes and present a set of recent research advances in the electromagnetic transient analysis, the application on power transformer protections, and present a more systematic investigation and review in this field. This research area is still progressing, especially with the fast development of Smart Grid. This book is an important addition to the literature and will enhance significant advancement in research. It is a good reference book for researchers in power transformer protection research and a good text book for graduate and undergraduate students in electrical engineering.Chapter headings include: Transformer differential protection principle and existing problem analysis; Malfunction mechanism analysis due to nonlinearity of transformer core; Novel analysis tools on operating characteristics of Transformer differential protection; Novel magnetizing inrush identification schemes; Comprehensive countermeasures on improving the performance of transformer differential protectionAn advanced level examination of the latest developments in power transformer protectionPresents a new and systematic view of power transformer protection, enabling readers to design new models and consider fresher design approachesOffers a set of approaches to optimize the power system from a microeconomic point of view
Ultrasonic testing is a relatively new branch of science and industry. The development of ultrasonic testing started in the late 1920s. At the beginning, the fundamentals of this method were borrowed from basic physics, geometrical and wave optics, acoustics and seismology. Later it became clear that some of these theories and calculation methods could not always explain the phenomena observed in many specific cases of ultrasonic testing. Without knowing the nuances of the ultrasonic wave propagation in the test object it is impossible to design effective inspection technique and search units for it realization.This book clarifies the theoretical differences of ultrasonics from the other wave propagation theories presenting both basics of physics in the wave propagation, elementary mathematic and advanced practical applications. Almost every specific technique presented in this book is proofed by actual experimental data and examples of calculations.
The book provides an overview of the most advanced quantum informational geometric techniques, which can help quantum communication theorists analyze quantum channels, such as security or additivity properties. Each section addresses an area of major research of quantum information theory and quantum communication networks. The authors present the fundamental theoretical results of quantum information theory, while also presenting the details of advanced quantum ccommunication protocols with clear mathematical and information theoretical background. This book bridges the gap between quantum physics, quantum information theory, and practical engineering.
How to acquire the input frequency from an unlockedstateA phase locked loop (PLL) by itself cannot become useful untilit has acquired the applied signal's frequency. Often, a PLL willnever reach frequency acquisition (capture) without explicitassistive circuits. Curiously, few books on PLLs treat the topic offrequency acquisition in any depth or detail. FrequencyAcquisition Techniques for Phase Locked Loops offers ano-nonsense treatment that is equally useful for engineers,technicians, and managers.Since mathematical rigor for its own sake can degenerate intointellectual "rigor mortis," the author introduces readers to thebasics and delivers useful information with clear language andminimal mathematics. With most of the approaches having beendeveloped through years of experience, this completely practicalguide explores methods for achieving the locked state in a varietyof conditions as it examines:Performance limitations of phase/frequency detectorbasedphase locked loopsThe quadricorrelator method for both continuous and sampledmodesSawtooth ramp-and-sample phase detector and how its waveformcontains frequency error information that can be extractedThe benefits of a self-sweeping, self-extinguishingtopologySweep methods using quadrature mixer-based lock detectionThe use of digital implementations versus analogFrequency Acquisition Techniques for Phase Locked Loopsis an important resource for RF/microwave engineers, in particular,circuit designers; practicing electronics engineers involved infrequency synthesis, phase locked loops, carrier or clock recoveryloops, radio-frequency integrated circuit design, and aerospaceelectronics; and managers wanting to understand the technology ofphase locked loops and frequency acquisition assistance techniquesor jitter attenuating loops.
Errata can be found by visiting the Book Support Site at: http://booksupport.wiley.com
Up-to-date analysis methodologies and practical mitigation for amajor electrical safety concern Arc Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation is thefirst book to focus specifically on arc flash hazards and providethe latest methodologies for its analysis as well as practicalmitigation techniques.Consisting of sixteen chapters, this fully up-to-date handbookcovers all aspects of arc flash hazard calculations and mitigation.It addresses the calculations of short circuits, protectiverelaying, and varied electrical systems configurations inelectrical power systems. It also examines protection systems,including differential relays, arc flash sensing relays, protectiverelaying coordination, current transformer operation andsaturation, and applications to major electrical equipment from thearc flash point of view. Current technologies and strategies forarc flash mitigation are explored. Using the methodology, analysis,and preventive measures discussed in the book, the arc flash hazardincident energy can be reduced to 8 cal/cm2 or less for the new andexisting electrical distribution systems.This powerful resource:Features the most up-to-date arc flash analysismethodologiesPresents arc flash hazard calculations in dc systemsSupplies practical examples and case studiesProvides end-of-chapter reviews and questionsIncludes a Foreword written by Lanny Floyd, a world-renownedleader in electrical safety who is DuPont's Principal Consultant onElectrical Safety and TechnologyArc Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation is amust-have guide for electrical engineers engaged in design,operation, and maintenance, consulting engineers, facilitymanagers, and safety professionals.
The simulation of electromagnetic transients is a mature field that plays an important role in the design of modern power systems. Since the first steps in this field to date, a significant effort has been dedicated to the development of new techniques and more powerful software tools. Sophisticated models, complex solution techniques and powerful simulation tools have been developed to perform studies that are of supreme importance in the design of modern power systems. The first developments of transients tools were mostly aimed at calculating over-voltages. Presently, these tools are applied to a myriad of studies (e.g. FACTS and Custom Power applications, protective relay performance, simulation of smart grids) for which detailed models and fast solution methods can be of paramount importance.This book provides a basic understanding of the main aspects to be considered when performing electromagnetic transients studies, detailing the main applications of present electromagnetic transients (EMT) tools, and discusses new developments for enhanced simulation capability.Key features: Provides up-to-date information on solution techniques and software capabilities for simulation of electromagnetic transients.Covers key aspects that can expand the capabilities of a transient software tool (e.g. interfacing techniques) or speed up transients simulation (e.g. dynamic model averaging).Applies EMT-type tools to a wide spectrum of studies that range from fast electromagnetic transients to slow electromechanical transients, including power electronic applications, distributed energy resources and protection systems.Illustrates the application of EMT tools to the analysis and simulation of smart grids.
This book presents recent advances in DSP to simplify, or increase the computational speed of, common signal processing operations. The topics describe clever DSP tricks of the trade not covered in conventional DSP textbooks. This material is practical, real-world, DSP tips and tricks as opposed to the traditional highly-specialized, math-intensive, research subjects directed at industry researchers and university professors. This book goes well beyond the standard DSP fundamentals textbook and presents new, but tried-and-true, clever implementations of digital filter design, spectrum analysis, signal generation, high-speed function approximation, and various other DSP functions.
The only one-stop reference to design, analysis, and manufacturing concepts for power devices utilizing HTS.High temperature superconductors (HTS) have been used for building many devices for electric grids worldwide and for large ship propulsion motors for the U.S. Navy. And yet, there has been no single source discussing theory and design issues relating to power applications of HTSuntil now. This book provides design and analysis for various devices and includes examples of devices built over the last decade.Starting with a complete overview of HTS, the subsequent chapters are dedicated to specific devices: cooling and thermal insulation systems; rotating AC and DC machines; transformers; fault current limiters; power cables; and Maglev transport. As applicable, each chapter provides a history of the device, principles, configuration, design and design challenges, prototypes, and manufacturing issues, with each ending with a summary of the material covered. The design analysis and design examples provide critical insight for readers to successfully design their own devices. Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) designers, industry and utilities users, universities and defense services research groups, and senior/postgraduate engineering students and instructors will rely on this resource."HTS technology reduces electric losses and increases the efficiency of power equipment. This book by Swarn Kalsi, a leading expert on the HTS subject, provides a survey of the HTS technology and the design rules, performance analyses, and manufacturing concepts for power application-related devices. It compares conventional and HTS technology approaches for device design and provides significant examples of devices utilizing the HTS technology today. The book is useful for a broad spectrum of professionals worldwide: students, teaching staff, and OEM designers as well as users in industry and electric utilities." Professor Dr. Rolf Hellinger, Research and Technologies Corporate Technology, Siemens AG
The Second Edition of OFDM Baseband Receiver Design for Wirless Communications, this book expands on the earlier edition with enhanced coverage of MIMO techniques, additional baseband algorithms, and more IC design examples. The authors cover the full range of OFDM technology, from theories and algorithms to architectures and circuits.The book gives a concise yet comprehensive look at digital communication fundamentals before explaining signal processing algorithms in receivers. The authors give detailed treatment of hardware issues - from architecture to IC implementation.Links OFDM and MIMO theory with hardware implementationEnables the reader to transfer communication received concepts into hardware; design wireless receivers with acceptable implemntation loss; achieve low-power designsCovers the latest standards, such as DVB-T2, WiMax, LTE and LTE-AIncludes more baseband algorithms, like soft-decoding algorithms such as BCJR and SOVAExpanded treatment of channel models, detection algorithms and MIMO techniquesFeatures concrete design examples of WiMAX systems and cognitive radio apllications Companion website with lecture slides for instructorsBased on materials developed for a course in digital communication IC design, this book is ideal for graduate students and researchers in VLSI design, wireless communications, and communications signal processing. Practicing engineers working on algorithms or hardware for wireless communications devices will also find this to be a key reference.
Complete coverage of the current major public key cryptosystems their underlying mathematics and the most common techniques used in attacking them Public Key Cryptography: Applications and Attacks introduces and explains the fundamentals of public key cryptography and explores its application in all major public key cryptosystems in current use, including ElGamal, RSA, Elliptic Curve, and digital signature schemes. It provides the underlying mathematics needed to build and study these schemes as needed, and examines attacks on said schemes via the mathematical problems on which they are based such as the discrete logarithm problem and the difficulty of factoring integers.
The book contains approximately ten examples with detailed solutions, while each chapter includes forty to fifty problems with full solutions for odd-numbered problems provided in the Appendix. Public Key Cryptography:
Explains fundamentals of public key cryptography Offers numerous examples and exercises Provides excellent study tools for those preparing to take the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) exam Provides solutions to the end-of-chapter problemsPublic Key Cryptography provides a solid background for anyone who is employed by or seeking employment with a government organization, cloud service provider, or any large enterprise that uses public key systems to secure data.
Provides readers an understanding of the basic physics underlying meta-materials, providing a powerful tool for analyzing their electromagnetic propertiesPeriodic Structures: Mode-Matching Approach and Applications in Electromagnetic Engineering presents
There are many books on computers, networks, and software engineering but none that integrate the three with applications. Integration is important because, increasingly, software dominates the performance, reliability, maintainability, and availability of complex computer and systems. Books on software engineering typically portray software as if it exists in a vacuum with no relationship to the wider system. This is wrong because a system is more than software. It is comprised of people, organizations, processes, hardware, and software. All of these components must be considered in an integrative fashion when designing systems. On the other hand, books on computers and networks do not demonstrate a deep understanding of the intricacies of developing software. In this book you will learn, for example, how to quantitatively analyze the performance, reliability, maintainability, and availability of computers, networks, and software in relation to the total system. Furthermore, you will learn how to evaluate and mitigate the risk of deploying integrated systems. You will learn how to apply many models dealing with the optimization of systems. Numerous quantitative examples are provided to help you understand and interpret model results. This book can be used as a first year graduate course in computer, network, and software engineering; as an on-the-job reference for computer, network, and software engineers; and as a reference for these disciplines.
Discusses the challenges of bandwidth scarcity due to mobile data explosion and their solutionsThe rapidly growing popularity of Smartphones and other mobile devices has resulted in an exponential growth of mobile data. There is insufficient radio spectrum to cope with this growing data demand, and upgrading existing networks to meet the demands of mobile data explosion is expensive.Techniques for Surviving the Mobile Data Explosion is about the different approaches that can be used to address the challenges of limited bandwidth. It examines these challenges from the perspective of the mobile network operators, mobile applications developers, and enterprises that deploy mobile applications for their employees.The book provides:Comprehensive yet easy-to-understand information that is free of technical jargon, complex mathematical notation, and multiple acronymsEasy-to-understand figures as well as a comprehensive set of referencesA cross-disciplinary approach spanning the areas of cellular networks, IP networks, and mobile applicationsTechniques for Surviving the Mobile Data Explosion is ideal for wireless application developers and mobile network operators.
The only book that covers in detail a broad range of cuttingedge topics within motor rehabilitation technologyNeural engineering is a discipline that uses engineering techniques to understand, repair, replace, enhance, or treat diseases of neural systems. This book describes stateoftheart methods within this field, from braincomputer interfaces to spinal and cortical plasticity. Touching on electrode design, signal processing, the neurophysiology of movement, robotics, and much more, this innovative book presents the latest information for readers working in biomedical engineering.Each section of Introduction to Neural Engineering for Motor Rehabilitation begins with an overview of techniques before moving on to provide information on the most recent findings. Topics include:INJURIES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEMincluding diseases and injuries of the central nervous system leading to sensorymotor impairment; peripheral and spinal plasticity after nerve injuries; and motor control modules of human movement in health and diseaseSIGNAL DETECTION AND CONDITIONINGincluding progress in peripheral neural interfaces; multimodal, multisite neuronal recordings for brain research; methods for noninvasive electroencephalograph detection; wavelet denoising and conditioning of neural recordingsFUNCTION REPLACEMENT (Prostheses and Orthosis)including an introduction to upper limb prosthetics; controlling prostheses using peripheral nerve stimulation invasive interfaces for amputees; and exoskeletal robotics for functional substitutionFUNCTION RESTORATIONincluding methods for movement restoration; advanced user interfaces for upper limb functional electrical stimulation; and selectivity of peripheral neural interfacesREHABILITATION THROUGH NEUROMODULATIONincluding braincomputer interface applied to motor recovery after brain injury; functional electrical therapy of upper extremities; and robotic assisted neurorehabilitationIntroduction to Neural Engineering for Motor Rehabilitation is an important textbook and reference for graduate students and researchers in the fields of biomedical and neural engineering.
New advanced modeling methods for simulating the electromagnetic properties of complex three-dimensional electronic systemsBased on the author's extensive research, this book sets forth tested and proven electromagnetic modeling and simulation methods for analyzing signal and power integrity as well as electromagnetic interference in large complex electronic interconnects, multilayered package structures, integrated circuits, and printed circuit boards. Readers will discover the state of the technology in electronic package integration and printed circuit board simulation and modeling. In addition to popular full-wave electromagnetic computational methods, the book presents new, more sophisticated modeling methods, offering readers the most advanced tools for analyzing and designing large complex electronic structures.Electrical Modeling and Design for 3D System Integration begins with a comprehensive review of current modeling and simulation methods for signal integrity, power integrity, and electromagnetic compatibility. Next, the book guides readers through:The macromodeling technique used in the electrical and electromagnetic modeling and simulation of complex interconnects in three-dimensional integrated systemsThe semi-analytical scattering matrix method based on the N-body scattering theory for modeling of three-dimensional electronic package and multilayered printed circuit boards with multiple viasTwo- and three-dimensional integral equation methods for the analysis of power distribution networks in three-dimensional package integrationsThe physics-based algorithm for extracting the equivalent circuit of a complex power distribution network in three-dimensional integrated systems and printed circuit boardsAn equivalent circuit model of through-silicon viasMetal-oxide-semiconductor capacitance effects of through-silicon viasEngineers, researchers, and students can turn to this book for the latest techniques and methods for the electrical modeling and design of electronic packaging, three-dimensional electronic integration, integrated circuits, and printed circuit boards.
Introducing a new, pioneering approach to integrated circuit designNanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond Phase-Locked Loop introduces an innovative new way of looking at frequency that promises to open new frontiers in modern integrated circuit (IC) design. While most books on frequency synthesis deal with the phase-locked loop (PLL), this book focuses on the clock signal. It revisits the concept of frequency, solves longstanding problems in on-chip clock generation, and presents a new time-based information processing approach for future chip design.Beginning with the basics, the book explains how clock signal is used in electronic applications and outlines the shortcomings of conventional frequency synthesis techniques for dealing with clock generation problems. It introduces the breakthrough concept of Time-Average-Frequency, presents the Flying-Adder circuit architecture for the implementation of this approach, and reveals a new circuit device, the Digital-to-Frequency Converter (DFC). Lastly, it builds upon these three key components to explain the use of time rather than level to represent information in signal processing.Provocative, inspiring, and chock-full of ideas for future innovations, the book features:A new way of thinking about the fundamental concept of clock frequencyA new circuit architecture for frequency synthesis: the Flying-Adder direct period synthesisA new electronic component: the Digital-to-Frequency ConverterA new information processing approach: time-based vs. level-basedExamples demonstrating the power of this technology to build better, cheaper, and faster systemsWritten with the intent of showing readers how to think outside the box, Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop is a must-have resource for IC design engineers and researchers as well as anyone who would like to be at the forefront of modern circuit design.